|The Estonian government has invested shrewdly in technological infrastructure, including the data exchange platform called “X Road,” an open-source software that serves as the backbone of the country's online public services / Photo by: Dilas25 via Wikimedia Commons|
Estonia is one of the Baltic states and it presently has over 1.3 million people. This tiny northern European nation regained its sovereignty from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Back then, it was a relatively impoverished territory. Nevertheless, it possessed a copious legacy of information technology, thanks in part to the Soviet Union's investment in technology during the Cold War.
Today, Estonia is characterized by being a technologically trailblazing nation. Its digital transformation has been facilitated by its small population that harbors a high degree of faith in their government.
This advantage is reckoned as the important reason that led to the development of electronic services because the people must be content with their government's performance to provide the latter access to their personal information.
The Estonian government has invested shrewdly in technological infrastructure, as per the news posted online by The Financial Times, an English-language international daily newspaper.
The information technology legacy in the European country evolved in the middle of the 1990s. The Estonian government then started to construct the foundations of the e-services today.
Moreover, it created a population database that consisted of a person's name, place of residence, ID code, and date of birth. The Estonian government developed an online identity system and digital signatures that allow the people to easily verify themselves when conducting online activities like banking and voting as well.
The data-exchange platform called “X Road” was built by the government in 2001. This open-source software serves as the backbone of the online public services of Estonia.
Organizations and enterprises can exchange and store information safely. The government relayed that over 3,000 services can utilize X Road.
Wolfgang Drechsler, professor of governance at Tallinn University of Technology, pointed out that X Road is a strategy of centralizing the digital identity of the Estonian people. Today, the Estonian government confirmed that it plans to adopt a startup-like culture, encouraging innovation via trying technologies in small projects.